Among the many country areas in the province of Pisa one of the most important is the Regional Park of Migliarino San Rossore which also comprises the Lake Massaciuccoli area which is part of the province of Lucca. In the Pisa area, as well as the Migliarino and San Rossore woods, the Tombolo wood is also of interest.
The uninterrupted strip of pine wood running along the coastline is a man-made element which was planted in the eighteenth century to protect the native vegetable species. Here, the Pinus variety includes Pinus pinea (stone pine) and Pinus pinaster (pinaster or cluster-pine). But the special flora and fauna of this area can also be found in the fossils and species populating the area.
There are different kinds of vegetation in the coastal and inland areas, ranging from the typical plants of sandy ground to pine woods and deciduous woods. The latter contain oak trees, ash trees, alder trees, poplar trees, hornbeam trees and an undergrowth of privets and wild plums. Of particular interest is the “Palazzetto a San Rossore” wood which contains centuries-old oak trees and typical species of the Atlantic climate.
Where the pine trees are more luxuriant, there is also a rich undergrowth of holm oaks (Quercus ilex). The southern part of the park is dominated by Mediterranean scrubland; the Tombolo wood features mastic trees (Pistacia lentiscus) and almost everywhere there is an alternation of holm oaks and deciduous trees.
The fauna is divided into two very distinct groups, one connected with the humid and river-lake areas, the other with the woodland areas. Of greater interest than the aquatic fauna, featuring typical still water or slow running water species (amphibians, reptiles and aquatic invertebrates), is the inland fauna which includes fallow deer, wild boar, squirrels, dormice, foxes and porcupines.
To the East of the park, of particular interest is the Pisan Mountains area, which extends from Calci to Capannori in the province of Lucca. From the olive groves of the hills we pass on to the pine woods, chestnut woods and coppices of the higher areas. Here can be found maritime pines and an undergrowth of holm oaks and chestnut trees. As regards the characteristic fauna, wild boar, porcupines, blackbirds and thrushes are the most common species.
Excursions in San Rossore with carriage
This is a different way to explore the Park of San Rossore. With the excursion with carriage you can visit the park in relax, with a guide, witch explains you the many different types of vegetation that you can find in San Rossore, such as marsh canes (Phragmites australis), falasco (Cladium mariscus) and marsh hibiscus (Hibiscus palustris).
One can choose among three different Itineraries:
– Short excursion: 1 hour and half. Price: Adults € 9,50 – Children € 8,00
– Medium excursion: 2 hous. Price: Adults € 11,50 – Children € 10,00
– Long excursion: 3 hours with walk to the seaside: Adults € 14 – Children € 12,00
Daily Tours starting from Casale La Sterpaia at 10 am and 2.30 pm
CENTRO VISITE “CASALE della STERPAIA”
Tenuta di San Rossore
tel 050 523019
Mr. Antonio Di Sacco Tel: +39 335 7113793
Mr. Federico Di Sacco Tel: +30 330 206235
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